Current years have seen vital advances in a wide selection of latest and rising applied sciences with disruptive potential, a number of of which have an inherent cyber dimension. These embody, inter alia, synthetic intelligence and machine studying, autonomous units and programs, telecommunications and computing applied sciences, satellites and area belongings, human-machine interfaces and quantum computing. This paper supplies an outline of a number of the key know-how developments for the approaching decade and their potential implications for the long run cyber menace panorama and NATO. The paper supplies an outline of challenges that would emerge from particular person applied sciences,from advanced interactions between them, in addition to with broader socio-economic developments. It additionally discusses how technological change and growth might happen at such a tempo, and have such wide-ranging influence, that NATO and its member states might battle to attain its mission and aims. It concludes by placing ahead a set of issues for getting ready for, responding to, and mitigating these challenges.
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