This paper situates cyber threats throughout the wider context of a continued shift in the direction of multi-domain ideas by NATO Allies and adversaries alike. These rising ideas emphasise the significance of integration for reaching benefit; nonetheless, with larger connectivity and network-dependency comes larger potential vulnerability and penalties from disruption.This paper considers challenges related to nearer integration inside and throughout army domains and examines how potential adversaries (Russia and China) are embracing variations on multi-domain and techniques pondering and prioritising offensive cyber capabilities to take advantage of seams and vulnerabilities to disorientate, paralyse and demoralise NATO in any future battle. Acknowledging that cyber assaults don’t exist in a vacuum, this paper locations discussions of cyber threats within the context of how the Alliance plans to function, combat and win in future competitors and battle. In doing so, it highlights the adversary’s perspective on how, when and why it would make use of cyber capabilities to realize a bonus over NATO forces. The paper then considers the implications for NATO by way of inside limitations, limitations and vulnerabilities that problem the Alliance’s capability to answer these threats. Improved understanding of the interlinkages between these exterior threats and inside vulnerabilities is important in reaching the real and wide-reaching transformation required for the Alliance to bolster its cohesion, enhance its strategic resilience and guarantee its capability to grasp its ambitions in our on-line world and throughout all domains.
The RAND Company is a nonprofit establishment that helps enhance coverage and decisionmaking by means of analysis and evaluation. RAND’s publications don’t essentially mirror the opinions of its analysis shoppers and sponsors.