After learning about abortion for the past year. I personally see myself as being pro-life since I believe that a woman can only have an abortion if her life is in danger, a rape case or incest. Since a financial reason or Zina (a boyfriend/girlfriend relationship), I just cannot see as being a legitimate reason Islamically. As it explicit in the Quran that killing a baby for a financial cause is a sin.
وَلَا تَقۡتُلُوۡۤا اَوۡلَادَكُمۡ خَشۡيَةَ اِمۡلَاقٍؕ نَحۡنُ نَرۡزُقُهُمۡ وَاِيَّاكُمۡؕ اِنَّ قَتۡلَهُمۡ كَانَ خِطۡاً كَبِيۡرًا
Do not kill your children for fear of want. We will provide for them and for you. Surely killing them is a great sin (17:31)
Also, I heard that some people believe that abortion is permissible before 40 days. While some say before 120 days. I am not sure about the reason for the 40 days. But for the 120 days, it is because the soul of the baby is breathed into the fetus.
I also read an article made by Omar Suleiman where he mentioned the before 40 days, abortion is only permissible for a legitimate reason. Such as rape or physical or mental inability to raise children. While up until 120 days it should only be allowed for a pressing need such as rape or deformity. – Isn’t this still pro-life? Since pro-lifers usually use the heartbeat as a criteria to decide if abortion should take place. A baby’s heartbeat can be heard in the 5th week (35 days). According to most pro-lifers after the heartbeat, an abortion can only take place if its for a legitimate reason.
So with these points can we as Muslims identify ourselves as pro-life?
The reason I am asking this question is that in my university I see a lot of Muslims that are pro-choice, but Islamically it just doesn’t make sense to me how a Muslim can theologically prove the pro-choice belief.
Omar Suleiman artical: https://yaqeeninstitute.org/omar-suleiman/islam-and-the-abortion-debate-infographic/
Side note: Also, if someone can do me a favour and cross-post this to r/Islam that would be amazing. Since I have a new account and my posts won’t go through. I am really trying to hear the opinions from as many Muslims as possible so that I can have a better-informed view of abortion.