Abortion in Islam. When can it happen? Also are we pro-choice or pro-life? : islam


After learning about abortion for the past year. I personally see myself as being pro-life since I believe that a woman can only have an abortion if her life is in danger, a rape case or incest. Since a financial reason or Zina (a boyfriend/girlfriend relationship), I just cannot see as being a legitimate reason Islamically. As it explicit in the Quran that killing a baby for a financial cause is a sin.

وَلَا تَقۡتُلُوۡۤا اَوۡلَادَكُمۡ خَشۡيَةَ اِمۡلَاقٍ​ؕ نَحۡنُ نَرۡزُقُهُمۡ وَاِيَّاكُمۡ​ؕ اِنَّ قَتۡلَهُمۡ كَانَ خِطۡاً كَبِيۡرًا

Do not kill your children for fear of want. We will provide for them and for you. Surely killing them is a great sin (17:31)

Also, I heard that some people believe that abortion is permissible before 40 days. While some say before 120 days. I am not sure about the reason for the 40 days. But for the 120 days, it is because the soul of the baby is breathed into the fetus.

I also read an article made by Omar Suleiman where he mentioned the before 40 days, abortion is only permissible for a legitimate reason. Such as rape or physical or mental inability to raise children. While up until 120 days it should only be allowed for a pressing need such as rape or deformity. – Isn’t this still pro-life? Since pro-lifers usually use the heartbeat as a criteria to decide if abortion should take place. A baby’s heartbeat can be heard in the 5th week (35 days). According to most pro-lifers after the heartbeat, an abortion can only take place if its for a legitimate reason.

So with these points can we as Muslims identify ourselves as pro-life?

The reason I am asking this question is that in my university I see a lot of Muslims that are pro-choice, but Islamically it just doesn’t make sense to me how a Muslim can theologically prove the pro-choice belief.

Omar Suleiman artical: https://yaqeeninstitute.org/omar-suleiman/islam-and-the-abortion-debate-infographic/

Side note: Also, if someone can do me a favour and cross-post this to r/Islam that would be amazing. Since I have a new account and my posts won’t go through. I am really trying to hear the opinions from as many Muslims as possible so that I can have a better-informed view of abortion.

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